African Elephant is the largest living land mammal; its shoulder height is 11 feet with the weight of 6 tons and 19-24 feet in length. African Elephant brain is also big in size compared to other animals.
They can live up to 80 years especially when not in captivity. Elephants have the longest gestation period of 22 month this period allows the calf to walk immediately after birth. Just like humans, elephants raise their young ones and calves are fed on milk in the first few months. Botanical name of an elephant is Loxodonta africana.
African Elephant Diet
Elephants are herbivores feeding on leaves and grass. They use their trunks and tusks to forage for food. The trunk is a boneless long muscle that is so useful in the life of an elephant, it helps in breathing, feeding, touching, and showing emotions and vocal communication.
Elephants can be found in the desert of the savannah, forest areas and swampy areas.