African Buffalo live in groups called herds and generally social animals to other wildlife species; one of Africa’s big five, herbivores by nature, feeding on grass and herbs. Cape buffaloes, consuming about 11 kilograms of forage each day and are known to be one of the most dangerous species to humans, but thanks to their unpredictable and defensive nature. The botanical name of a buffalo is Bubalus bubalis and its Gestation period is 281 – 334 days.
Habitat of African Buffalo
Uganda is endowed with two subspecies of African buffalo namely; the larger savannah and the smaller forest Buffalo. They live in two types of groups – family, females with calves and bachelor herds containing males.
They are mostly seen in hot seasons on lakes and swamps looking for water because they cannot adjust to body temperature. A fully-grown savanna is normally black and dark brown as it ages and will weigh 500-910 kgs and a height of 165cm at the shoulder with male being larger than females. Calves are known to have reddish hairs, which later turn black as they grow.